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Fitzwilliam Private Hospital,

Milton Way, South Bretton
Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, PE3 9AQ


Secretary: Alison Hill -

        Phone: 07533 567161
        Email:
alison.hill22@nhs.net

Dr Manaan Kar Ray
Home About Me Services Conditions Interact Contact
MBBS, MRCPsych, MS (Psychotherapy), Msc (Psychiatry)

1 in 100 will be diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder


Number of effective psychotropics to treat mood disorders.

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Mood monitoring, Psychoeducation.

Key Facts

Dr. Kar Ray has extensive experience in the management of Bipolar Disorder.

Royal College

Mood Disorders

 

Depression, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Post Partum Depression, Dysthymia,

Bipolar I, Bipolar II, Cyclothymia

Mood disorder is a group of diagnoses where a disturbance in the person's mood is hypothesized to be the main underlying feature




Two groups of mood disorders are broadly recognized; the division is based on whether a manic or hypomanic episode has ever been present. Thus, there are depressive disorders, of which the best-known and most researched is major depressive disorder (MDD) commonly called clinical depression or major depression, and bipolar disorder (BD), formerly known as manic depression and characterized by intermittent episodes of mania or hypomania, usually interlaced with depressive episodes.


There are many subtypes of depression, in this article I have highlighted some common ones over and above MDD.


Post Partum Depression: The birth of a baby can trigger a jumble of powerful emotions, from excitement and joy to fear and anxiety. But it can also result in something you might not expect — depression.


Many new moms experience the "baby blues" after childbirth, which commonly include mood swings and crying spells that fade quickly. But some new moms experience a more severe, long-lasting form of depression known as postpartum depression. Rarely, an extreme form of postpartum depression known as postpartum psychosis develops after childbirth.


Postpartum depression isn't a character flaw or a weakness. Sometimes it's simply a complication of giving birth. If you have postpartum depression, prompt treatment can help you manage your symptoms — and enjoy your baby.





Bipolar disorder (BD), an unstable emotional condition characterized by cycles of abnormal, persistent high mood (mania) and low mood (depression), which was formerly known as "manic depression" (and in some cases rapid cycling, mixed states, and psychotic symptoms).


Subtypes include:


It is estimated that roughly 1% of the adult population suffers from bipolar I, a further 1% suffers from bipolar II or cyclothymia, and somewhere between 2% and 5% percent suffer from "sub-threshold" forms of bipolar disorder.


Furthermore the possibility of getting bipolar disorder when one parent is diagnosed with it is 15-30%. Risk when both parents have it is 50-75%. Also, while with bipolar siblings the risk is 15-25%, with identical twins it is about 70%.




Private Clinic:

Fitzwilliam Private Hospital, Milton Way, South Bretton, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, PE3 9AQ

NHS base:

Elizabeth House, Fulbourn Hospital, Fulbourn, Cambridge, CB21 5EF

Dr. Kar Ray’s Profile

NHS Responsibilites: Consultant Psychiatrist and Clinical Director at Fulbourn Hospital, Cambridge

Fulbourn Hospital. Interior shot of the hospital with female nursing attendants in their pristine uniform c.1890s

Basic and Specialist Training in Psychiatry from Oxford Deanery based at the Warneford Hospital, Oxford

Neuroimaging research experience while working at the Dept of Psychiatry, Oxford University.

Private Secretary:

Alison Hill - 07533 567161

alison.hill22@nhs.net

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression that has a seasonal pattern.

The episodes of depression tend to occur at the same time each year, usually during the winter. As with other types of depression, the two main symptoms of SAD are a low mood and a lack of interest in life. You may also be less active than normal and sleep more. SAD is sometimes known as "winter depression" because the symptoms are more apparent and tend to be more severe at this time of the year. The symptoms often begin in the autumn as the days start getting shorter. They're most severe during December, January and February. In most cases the symptoms of SAD begin to improve in the spring before eventually disappearing.


Dysthymia: The main symptom of dysthymia is a low, dark, or sad mood on most days for at least 2 years. In children and adolescents, the mood can be irritable instead of depressed and may last for at least 1 year.


In addition, two or more of the following symptoms will be present: take a negative or discouraging view of themselves, their future, other people, and life events, problems often seem more difficult to solve, feeling that life is getting harder, tiring easily, things once enjoyable start feeling like a chore, difficulty concentrating and doing tasks that were once easy seems more difficult.